Viewed from above, its length exceeds any from a sample of over modern humans, but one width measurement is below the modern human average. Our species seems to have existed as an entity long, long before it began to spread outside Africa or the Middle East, let alone split into geographic races. Stringer , however, in a commentary article, suggests that the skulls may not be distinctive enough to warrant a new subspecies name. In summary, the new discovery at Herto does not shatter any myths, but it extends the dataset, shifts the weight of evidence yet more decisively in favour of the Out-of-Africa model of modern human evolution, and helps to place modern racial variation very firmly into context. There are also several sets of remains that are anatomically intermediate between H. This was too stark: They date to , BP and, interestingly for human remains of this early date, they show evidence of sophisticated mortuary practices, including defleshing, while the heads had probably been disarticulated from the bodies, which were not present at the site. Life timeline and Nature timeline The fossilized remains of Homo sapiens idaltu were discovered at Herto Bouri near the Middle Awash site of Ethiopia 's Afar Triangle in by Tim White , but were first unveiled in Within the African homeland, the appearance of Negroid features is debatable.
Java Man, Peking Man and the Neandertals arose, flourished and died out without leaving any descendants. White and his colleagues describe the Herto type as a separate subspecies, H. In these features it is said to be outside the range of modern humans as well as of the Skhul and Qafzeh specimens. This was too stark: For about 30 years the origin of the modern human species has been the subject of much debate. The discoverers have assigned them to a new subspecies, Homo sapiens idaltu, and say that they are anatomically and chronologically intermediate between older archaic humans and more recent fully modern humans. The skull of Homo sapiens idaltu has placed modern human origins in Africa , years BP. Our species seems to have existed as an entity long, long before it began to spread outside Africa or the Middle East, let alone split into geographic races. Now we have the new skulls from Herto, in central Ethiopia. Herto skulls Homo sapiens idaltu Some new fossils from Herto in Ethiopia, are the oldest known modern human fossils, at , yrs. For multiregionalists, each of the modern races is descended in part from one of these archaic regional forms the one living in, or close to, the region to which the modern race is indigenous. The Out-of-Africa school contends that modern humans H. Creationist Responses Answers in Genesis AIG argues , quite reasonably, that these fossils are so similar to modern humans that they don't constitute any problem for creationists - or, at least, to their own position. At the same time, the model contends that there was gene flow between different regional populations, so that humanity evolved as a whole while each geographic segment retained its own racial features. Homo ergaster is the African ancestral species, and the enigmatic Dmanisi fossils may also belong to that species. They therefore assigned it to a new subspecies idaltu 'elder' in the local Afar language: The multiregionalists deny that large brow- ridges and a flat, receding forehead are peculiar links between Java Man and Australoids; actually, these features define almost all of the archaic species, including H. For example, they consider that Mongoloids differ from other modern people in some of the same respects that H. They date to , BP and, interestingly for human remains of this early date, they show evidence of sophisticated mortuary practices, including defleshing, while the heads had probably been disarticulated from the bodies, which were not present at the site. But all those species are real for the Out-of-Africa school, and most of them are dead-ends. Herto and Jebel Irhoud are H. Heads I win, tails you lose. Within the African homeland, the appearance of Negroid features is debatable. The evidence indicates that modern racial features developed only gradually in each geographic area. The other crania include another partial adult male and a six-year-old child.
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